4. The Slice Operator

A substring of a string is called a slice. Selecting a slice is similar to selecting a character:

The slice operator [n:m] returns the part of the string from the n’th character to the m’th character, including the first but excluding the last. In other words, start with the character at index n and go up to the character at index m - 1. This behavior may seem counter-intuitive but if you recall the range function, it did not include its end point either.

If you omit the first index (before the colon), the slice starts at the beginning of the string. If you omit the second index, the slice goes to the end of the string.

What do you think fruit[:] means?

Check your understanding